Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Dissertation - University Access Only

Award Date

2012

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Dairy Science

First Advisor

Kenneth Kalscheur

Keywords

hemicellulose extract, butyrate, lactose, infusion

Abstract

The lactating dairy cow experiences a period of negative energy balance immediately after calving. This is a result of an increased energy need for milk production as well as a lag in dry matter intake. Most of the metabolic disorders related to early lactation are either directly or indirectly caused by.this negative energy balance. There are several management practices related to cow comfort, dry matter intake, and stocking density designed to minimize the time the cow spends in a negative energy balance. Furthermore, there are several feeding practices implemented or feed additives fed by dairy managers to offer additional measures to promote animal performance. While the majority of research with early lactation cows or cows in negative energy balance has focused on propionate, there has been relatively little work evaluating the other VF As. On a molar basis, butyrate comprises the least proportion of the three main rumen VF As. However, the potential energy is greater than acetate or propionate (Bergman, 1990; Cherepanov and Agaphonov, 20I0). The objectives of our first research project were to evaluate a high sugar forestry co-product (hemicellulose extract (HE)) as it relates to lactating dairy cow production and digestibility . The HE product is a unique source of sugars that provide additional substrates for rumen bactrial growth and offers the potential to enhance production in lactating cows . The second research project was designed to investigate the efficts of sodium butyrate on production as well as metabolites related to glucose and lipid metabolism. The final project was a continuance of the second project and evaluated the potential benefits of developing and feeding a butyrate product that was protected from rumen degradation. The first research project allowed us to conclude that lactating cows supplemented with HE at 1.0% of the diet DM had greater total tract digestibility of the fiber fractions, particularly the NDF fraction . This increase in digestibility has the potential to provide additional energy, particularly from lower quality forages. The results from our final research projects suggested that butyrate can be supplemented at a high dietary inclusion without having adverse effects on animal health or performance. Additionally, when sodium butyrate was either singly dosed or continuously dosed over a 24-h period, several metabolites related to glucose metabolism were altered. Finally, it was concluded that plasma butyrate concentration could be increased if a source of butyrate could be designed that would escape conversion to ketone bodies in the rumen.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dairy cattle -- Feeding and feeds
Sugars -- Physiological effect
Hemicellulose
Lactation

Description

Includes bibliographical references (pages 161-177)

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

197

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

Share

COinS