Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School



Interest in the welfare of children is as old as love for the first born of primitive man. Despite this ideal of education, the place given the child as an important factor in educational practice has been relatively low. Slow in its initial development pupil reporting practices did not find a place in the educational accounting until the start of the century. In the year 1908 very few cities in the United States, probably not more than thirty, could without great difficulty furnish a record of a pupil’s school life. Today almost all schools can produce some record of the pupils enrolled. One of the important facts of modern education is that it has provided a system of pupil accounting and progress reporting. The most serious conflict is between those who believe that no comparative marks of achievement should be reported either to pupil or parent and those who believe that both pupil and parent should be frankly and completely informed on the pupils progress and status. The theorists who tells nothing believes in two basic facts: first, marks are too unreliable and involved to justify their use; and second, comparative marks stir up undesirable competition among students and discourage many poor students. They believe that any method of marking or reporting based on the plan of rank in class or comparative standing of pupils is not a satisfactory method of reporting pupil progress. In contrast there are those who believe the best way to have maximum parental cooperation is to share all information with parents and that pupils are stimulated to better and greater things when they know their progress and where they stand. The latter claim that competition is fundamental in the American way of life. It is not the same purpose of this problem to say which of these theories is the more nearly correct.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

School reports -- Illinois
Student records
Grading and marking (Students) -- Illinois


Includes bibliographical references (page 21)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


No Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Only