Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School



The Agricultural Act of 1956, which contains the Soil Bank Act, was enacted in the spring of 1956. The soil bank program is divided into two phases, the acreage reserve and the conservation reserve. The acreage reserve is available to farmers with acreage allotments for the basic commodities, which are wheat and corn in South Dakota. The farmer takes part in the acreage reserve program by signing a one year agreement and reducing his acreage below the assigned allotment on his farm. In return for taking the land out of production, the farmer will receive a payment for each acre below his allotment. The conservation reserve is a long-term program to adjust production and increase the conservation of soil, water and forest resources in the nation. The length of the contracts vary from 3 to 15 years. Through this program the farmer has an opportunity to receive government assistance in carrying out conservation practices on his farm. There is a continuous need for appraisal of farm programs. Farmers, administrators, and legislators are concerned with means of achieving farm policy goals. This requires information regarding the effects of present farm program. The total effect of the 1957 acreage reserve program is complex and beyond the scope of this study. However, administrators and farmers’ opinions about present programs are of interest and help point the way toward improvements. This study is limited to the wheat acreage reserve program in South Dakota for 1957. The study aims to identify the obstacles of participation for the 1957 acreage reserve program in the South Dakota wheat area and to identify the factors which encouraged farmers to participate in the 1957 acreage reserve in the South Dakota wheat area.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Soil bank program
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- South Dakota


Includes bibliographical references (pages 63-64)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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