Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science (MS)
Agronomy, Horticulture, and Plant Science
pest management, wild soybean
Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, is a major pest to soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr. Host plant resistance is a management tactic that uses naturally occurring soybean plant defenses to limit soybean aphid pest damage. Virulent soybean aphid biotypes are able to successfully colonize on certain aphid resistant soybean. Soybean aphid biotype 4 is most virulent, overcoming all commercially available soybean aphid resistant soybeans (Rag1, Rag2, and Rag1+Rag2). Additional sources of resistance to avirulent biotypes have been identified in soja and soybean plant introductions (PIs). This study examined those resistant soja and soybean for resistance to the newly found soybean aphid biotype 4, using iso-female colonies of soybean aphid from three different site-years. Free-choice tests examined 20 soja and 50 soybean PIs for putative resistance to the three soybean aphid biotype 4 colonies. Promising PIs continued on in a follow-up, caged no-choice test with its respective colony. Soja PI 65549 and PI 101404A and soybean PI 437696 were found highly resistant to each of the three soybean aphid biotype 4 colonies and should be explored further as valuable sources of soybean aphid resistance.
Includes bibliographical references
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Conzemius, Sophia R., "Soybean Aphid Biotype 4 Resistance in Soja and Soybean Plant Introductions" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2483.