Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Hailong Jin


causality, cointegration, economic growth, fiscal policy, impulse response, monetary policy


Ghana’s desire to achieve sustainable economic growth with relatively stable price level pursue both monetary and fiscal policies that could lead to macroeconomic. This study examines the effects of fiscal and monetary policy on economic growth and determine the level of convergence of growth for Ghana using structural equation modeling (SEM) using time series data from 2008 to 2017. Both short run and long-run results revealed that the ratio of government spending to private investment was statistically significant and it exerted a positive impact on economic growth, an indication that government expenditure is a key channel through which we can achieve sustained economic growth. It was also revealed that real interest rate which is a monetary policy tool have a negative effect on economic growth in Ghana. The impulse response of government spending on investment shows that government spending shocks decreases investment in Ghana, which results in crowding out of investment. The results of the Granger-Causality test suggested there is bi-directional causality between economic growth and real interest rate. To achieve higher and sustainable economic growth, government should embark on expansionary fiscal policies. Further, the central bank of Ghana must reduce lending rates so that firms and business sector can borrow at low rates to enhance growth and development of the economy.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Monetary policy -- Ghana.
Fiscal policy -- Ghana.
Economic development -- Ghana.


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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