Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Physical Education


The speed of an athlete has always been of great importance to the athletic coach and suggested methods of improving speed have resulted in many studies in research. In 1957, Meisel found that even though an 18 session progressive resistance program did increase leg strength, it significantly reduced the free running speed. This was contrary to results of previous research which indicated increased leg strength did improve running speed. There exists the theory that the stronger the legs, the more capable the runner of overcoming the resistance of body weight and therefore the whole body should be propelled at a faster speed. Carnes has stated “By increasing his leg power, a boy can increase his speed. “ Through their experience with football players, George and Evens stated that football players are able to run faster after training with weights or through a progressive resistance program. The author felt that the more flexible the joints the greater efficiency the muscles in executing body movements. Increased flexibility is an increase in the maximum range of movement in a joint. Greater flexibility in the hip joints should lead to an increased stride and the means greater distance cane be covered with the same amount of muscular effort. If this is correct, greater flexibility of the hip joints should enable the leg muscles to propel the body more efficiently, and possibly faster.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Physical education and training
Exercise -- Physiological aspects


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University