Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Physical Education


America has become more cognizant of the need for physical fitness through the Kraus-Weber Test of Minimum Muscular Fitness and the Youth Fitness Program instigated by President Eisenhower in 1956. The low level of physical fitness in the United States has been attributed largely to the high degree of mechanization. Labor saving devices have decreased the natural physical activity, leading to little physical stamina development by day to day living. The rapidly changing mode of American living has left its imprint on the physical fitness of American youth. The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the Kraus-Weber Test of Minimum Muscular Fitness and the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Youth Fitness Test (AAHPER) as administered to freshmen women in the physical education classes at South Dakota State College. It was also the purpose of this study to establish AAHPER physical fitness norms for South Dakota State College freshmen women and to aid in establishing national AAHPER norms for college freshmen women.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Physical education for women
Physical fitness -- Testing
Kraus-Weber Test of Minimum Muscular Fitness


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University