Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School



This study is concerned with the history of the once Indian-infested country of the Black Hills, which was invaded by the Whites with the lure of gold, and how it was recorded on a day-to-day basis by the early-day newspaper, which followed the gold seekers into the territory. The study brings out the fact that news, as such, was not the prime reason that the newsmen came to these wilds, ut rather that legal printing required under the Homestead law to file final-proof notices on the miners’ claims, and contest notices were the main incentive for the birth and often rapid deaths of the news sheets. The history of the newspaper parallels the opening of the last frontier as gold was discovered in April of 1876, and the first edition of the Black hills Pioneer in Deadwood, the second oldest newspaper in South Dakota still in existence, appeared on June 8, of the same year. The saga of the pioneers with all of the hardships and obstacles encountered in their lives in the West, is duplicated in the difficulties which pioneer newsmen endured to record the first-hand story which still exists in the files of the Pioneer and the Times.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Newspapers -- South Dakota
Newspapers -- South Dakota -- Lawrence County


Includes bibliographical references




South Dakota State University