Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Physical Education


It would be unusual for a day to go by without some reminder on physical fitness reaching us but some information medium. The ancient Greeks considered physical education training for warfare. During and immediately after World War II there was great deal of interest in fitness. The development of muscular strength in women, as well as men, demands encouragement and investigation. The sides of women possessing muscular strength as well and being physically attractive is incongruous to many people. The author believed there was a need for a study to investigate programs designed to increase strength and to learn what effect such programs would have on the body measurements of women. The purpose of this study was to determine which of two training programs, isometric contractions or celisthenics, was superior in producing changes in strength and in selected body measurements of female freshman students. This study was limited to two freshman service classes of basketball at South Dakota State College, Brookings, South Dakota and the subjects were not familiar with the testing instruments and methods.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Physical fitness
Physical education for women


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University