Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




The people of America have great faith in the value of education. They believe that the success of a democratic society is based upon the acquisition of knowledge and wisdom. Such procurement, it is felt, allows citizens the ability to make intelligent decisions when voting and when deciding upon public issues. With individual progress, it is believed, comes national progress. The objectives or goals for each individual should vary in accordance with those uncontrollable variables existent within him. The intensive studies by Terman and others have revealed that children differ not only physically, emotionally, and socially, but also intellectually. Knowledge that all children cannot learn at the same rate because of these differences has brought about innovations in philosophy, organization, curriculum, and methods. The non-graded school is a form of school organization which has a philosophy commensurate with the concept of recognition of individual differences. A real question is raised as to how students are grouped initially and later as they progress up through the vertical levels of their education. This study is a survey of the bases employed in representative non graded schools. Chapter two reviews the literature which demonstrates the changes in education in the United States from the Colonial period to the present. Chapter three describes the study procedure including the selection and extent of the sample, the questionnaire items, and the organization of the raw data. Chapter four is an analysis of the results of the questionnaire. Chapter five is a summary with conclusions and recommendations base upon the questionnaire findings.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Ability grouping in education
Grading and marking (Students)


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University