Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education


In previous years several studies have been undertaken to determine the effects of various ambient temperatures on physical performance. These studies, employing either the application of hot baths and showers, or cold sprays, abdominal packs, showers, or hip baths, have been conducted on individuals immediately before and after work performance. Hegle investigated the effect of immersion in a heated whirlpool bath on arm and shoulder girdle strength, generic endurance, and reaction time at four different time intervals (30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes). Nukada studied the effects of heat upon the upper arm using a standard submaximal tension. In a follow up study by Happ, Tuttle, and Wilson, it was found that recovery from fatigue resulting from strenuous exercise was facilitated by the application of abdominal ice packs; and that a carry-over effect of the ice application increased work output the following day. Several studies focused their attention on hot application and what effects the moist heat had on muscular activity. The evidence presented by other investigators implies that the various methods of cold application beneficially affected physical performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a cold sitz bath on various measures of circulorespiratory recovery after a vigorous treadmill run.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Baths, Cold


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University