Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Kendra Kattelmann


eating behavior, obesity, weight loss


The aim of this study is to evaluate weight-related eating behaviors of participants with clinically significant weight loss (CSWL) in a proprietary weight loss program. A crosssectional sample of participants (n=1,454) enrolled in a proprietary weight-loss program that includes meal replacements and health coaching were queried for weight-related eating behaviors (using Weight Related Eating Questionnaire) of routine restraint (RR), compensatory restraint (CR), susceptibility to external cues (SEC), and emotional eating (EE) in relation to CSWL (defined as having achieved a weight loss greater than 10% of starting weight). Participants were dichotomized into those with CSWL (n=973) and with no CSWL (n=481) the relationship between CSWL (controlling for age and sex) as the dependent variable and weight-related eating behaviors as the independent variable was assessed using logistic regression (Stata/SE 14). Those with CSWL have higher odds of having RR (OR: 1.3, p < 0.05) and CR (OR: 1.1, p < 0.05) and lower odds of having SEC (OR: 0.7, p<0.05) and EE (OR: 0.8, p<0.05) than those without CSWL. Weight-related eating behaviors of participants in proprietary meal replacement weightloss programs who have successfully lost weight differ compared to those who have not. Knowledge of the relationship between CSWL and weight-related eating behaviors can be used by coaches to assist participants in reinforcing those behaviors that support weight-loss. These results are limited to participants who self-select for proprietary meal-replacement weight-loss programs and cannot be generalized to other weight-loss or maintenance programs.


South Dakota State University


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