Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School


First Advisor

Kyle Page


Flow State Scale (FSS), Relative Weights Analysis, Work Related Flow Inventory (WOLF)


Flow experiences, or optimal experiences of intense concentration and enjoyment, were originally measured using qualitative measures. More recently, quantitative measures such as the Flow State Scale (FSS) and the Work-Related Flow Inventory (WOLF) allowed for structural assessment of the construct, but the vague definition of flow led to variability in the foundation of the measurement. As such, this study aimed to investigate the extent of overlap between the FSS and the WOLF at the factor level in a sample of working adults. Specifically, we investigated the relation between the nine FSS factors and the three WOLF factors using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), correlations, relative weights analysis (RWA), dominance analysis, and frequency analysis for demographics. Evidence suggests the nine- and three-factor models of flow are acceptable, and the extent of overlap between the factors is highly variable. The ability of the scales categorize flow experiences was highly dependent upon the method of flow identification. As such, frequencies of flow were most variable between identification methods than between scales. In conclusion, the current study adds further support for the multidimensionality of flow while expanding on the extent that the factors of the FSS account for a proportion of the WOLF factors to better clarify the constituents of flow in organizational settings.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Work -- Psychological aspects.
Work environment.
Organizational behavior.
Quality of work life.
Job satisfaction -- Psychological aspects.
Employees -- Attitudes.
Motivation (Psychology)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright