Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Physical Education


It was the purpose of this study to determine whether videotape instruction utilizing immediate knowledge of results is superior to two of the traditional methods of coaching football. The traditional methods employed in this study were (1) verbal cues and demonstration and (2) verbal cues, demonstration, and a training film. The following procedure was employed: Thirty-three male volunteer freshman students at South Dakota State University were laced into three groups equated by their motor educability and pretest scores on selected football skills • . The subjects in the three groups participated in a five-week training program, during which they met once a week for seventy-five minutes. Two phases of the training program remained constant for the three groups: (1) observing demonstrations of the selected football skills and (2) receiving verbal cues given during training sessions as the subjects practiced the football skills. The differences in the training sessions were that Group II utilized a training film of the· selected football skills and Group III viewed videotaped performances. A test of the selected football skills was administered to the experimental groups at the beginning and at the termination of the training program. The test consisted of (1) left defensive halfback stance, alignment, and movement on a drop back pass from a zone defense (2) stance, alignment, and movement for the "hook" and -"hook” and go" pattern for the split right end, and (3) stance, alignment, and movement for the "break"_ and "break and go" pattern for the split right end. All skills were recorded via videotape and evaluated by a panel of judges. The data were analyzed to determine what effect the training programs had upon the-subjects' ability to perform the selected football skills. The analysis of variance test indicated no statistical significant difference between the groups at the one-percent level. The findings of this study seem to indicate that verbal cues and demonstration; verbal cues, demonstration, and a training film; verbal cues, demonstration and immediate knowledge of results via videotape replay are equally effective methods in the learning of selected football skills.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Football -- Video tapes




South Dakota State University