Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education


The purpose of this study was to test the effects of a bicycle ergometer program and a rope-skipping program on the cardiovascular efficiency of a selected group of college freshman women. The effects of the two programs on percent body fat, body weight, strength, and endurance were also tested. During the course of this study, the following hypothesis was tested: There are no significant differences among a rope-skipping group, a bicycle ergometer-exercising group, and a control group in the development of selected anatomical and physiological responses.

1. The subjects involved in this study were thirty-three freshman women from basic instruction classes in physical education for the spring semester, 1971, at South Dakota State University.

2. No subject involved in an intercollegiate or extramural activity was allowed to participate in this study.

3. The training program consisted of four sessions per week for five weeks for each subject.

4. Only the parameters of predicted maximal oxygen uptake, body fat by skinfold measurements, muscle strength and endurance, and body weight were tested.

5. No effort was made to control the subjects: diet, sleep or other aspects of personal life. They were asked, however, not to change their normal habits during the study.



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University