Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date

2020

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Kendra Kattelmann

Abstract

Many young adults experience unwanted weight gain upon entering college. Making healthy choices in a food environment with a plethora of convenience and fast foods is important for preventing unwanted weight gain. The objective of this study was to determine if a Healthy Campus Dining Tour intervention improves perception, behavior, and priorities related to healthier choices on campus. Participants were recruited for this quasi-experimental study from freshman introductory classes at a land-grant public university and assigned to intervention or a control group. Intervention participants completed a 50-minute Healthy Campus Dining Tour that educated on how to make healthier choices at each of the campus dining locations (vending, convenience, kiosk, and all-you-can-eat dining).Both groups were assessed pre- and post- intervention for agreement with questions assessing perception of healthful food choices in the campus environment (12 questions), frequency of certain healthful dietary behaviors (12 questions) and importance of food choice priorities (24 questions). Outcomes were dichotomized as more or less positive responses and logistic regression was used to determine odds of responses between intervention and control. There were a total 120 participants (n=45 intervention, n=75 control) that completed the surveys. Most participants were 18 years of age, female, white, of freshmen status, and lived in a campus residence hall. Greater odds of perceiving healthier foods in restaurants [OR(CI), 2.9 (1.3-6.5)], dining halls [2.1, (0.9-4.7)], and vending [8.1 (3.4-18.7)] were seen in intervention group versus control group. Odds of increased frequency of healthful behaviors and increased importance of food choice priorities did not differ between groups. Participation in the Healthy Campus Dining Tour intervention was associated with greater odds of agreeable perceptions regarding availability of healthy foods on campus. Additional programming and environmental changes may be necessary to change food behavior and priorities.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

College freshmen -- Nutrition.
College freshmen -- Health and hygiene.
Health attitudes.
Health behavior.

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

47

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

Copyright © 2020 the Author

Included in

Nutrition Commons

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