Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health and Nutritional Sciences


Significance of the Study Athletic coaches and trainers have been experimenting with the · use of cold-water applications as an effective method of decreasing the effects of fatigue and improving the recovery of an athlete after strenuous activity. The majority of modern day athletic sports demands that an athlete be able to perform effectively and efficiently in successive bouts of strenuous activity which are interspersed with rest periods. Such activities could be in the running of two or more races in track or in basketball, wrestling, and tennis tournament play. Should a method of rapid recovery from strenuous exercise be found, such information would be invaluable to the coach in training athletes for successive performances. Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a cold abdominal ice pack, an ice-water foot bath, a cool foot bath, and rest upon the recovery process as measured by heart rate and oxygen consumption. Hypothesis Cold abdominal ice pack, ice-water foot bath, cool foot bath, or rest will have no effect upon the recovery process if administered after strenuous activity. Limitations 1. Only twelve subjects were selected for this study from volunteers of the male basic instruction physical education classes at South Dakota State University. 2. The subjects were instructed to the same diet habits, sleep habits, and living habits during the study as they had maintained prior to the beginning of the study. Definitions of Terms Cryotherapy. The use of cold applications for therapy purposes. Abdominal ice pack. A plastic bag containing ice and placed upon the subject's bare abdominal surface. Cool foot bath. A water bath with a temperature between 60-65 degrees in which the feet were placed. Ice water foot bath. A water bath with a temperature between 40-45 degrees in which the feet were placed. Recovery period. One minute after the subject's heart rate reached 180 beats per minute, administration of one of the four treatments took place. During the complete twenty-minute recovery period the subject's heart rate and oxygen consumption were recorded.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Cold -- Therapeutic use


Cold -- Physiological effects

South Dakota State University Theses



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University