Kwang Min Cho

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Physical Education

First Advisor

James E. Lidstone


Any certain leadership style cannot be the best for all situations and circumstances. Marshall and Frost indicate that "a person might be an effective leader in one set of circumstances, at a given moment in history, with a specific group of people, yet fail miserably at another time with a different task to perform''. Schein also pointed out that the effective leader "must have the personal flexibility and range of skill necessary to vary his own behavior. If the needs and motives of his subordinates are different, they must be treated differently". Thus, leaders may not be effective unless they can adapt their leadership style to their environment. Leaders differ in terms of their personal characteristics however there are some identifiable attributes or qualities which all effective leaders must possess. According to Marshall and Frost, the effective leader must have vision as well as determination and perseverance. Additionally, the effective leader will be supportive of his or her follower. Finally, the effective leader must understand human nature. Korea is a peninsula thrusting in a southerly direction from the northeast Asian mainland for about 1,000 kilometers. Korea is divided into two parts, communist North Korea and the free Republic of Korea. The latter' s effective administrative area is 98,955 square km or about 45% of the peninsula. The peninsula is mountainous and only 20% of the land is flat. The population of the Republic of Korea is approximately 38 million. The population density of Korea is 374 persons per square km. Korea is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The general system of education in Korea is very similar to that of the United States. It is comprised of four stages: (a) primary, (b) low secondary, (c) upper secondary, and (d) higher education. These four stages correspond to the first to sixth grades (primary school), seventh to ninth grades (middle school), tenth to twelfth grades (high school), and thirteenth to sixteenth grades (college or university), respectively. In terms of geography and population, Korea is a very small country when compared to the United States. Korea has more than 5,000 years of history and basically only one ethnic group while the United States is more than 200 years old and boasts many different ethnic groups. As a result, the cultural and historical backgrounds of the two countries are very dissimilar. One of the most striking contrasts lies in the area of interpersonal relationships. Given these facts, it might be postulated that the leadership styles of administrators in departments of physical education in the two countries may be different. The purpose of this study is to examine leadership styles of. physical education administrators in the United States and Korea. More specifically, the research seeks to answer the following question. Are there statistically significant differences between the leadership styles of administrators of physical education programs in the United States and Korea as measured by the T-P Leadership Questionnaire?

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Physical education teachers -- United States
Physical education teachers -- Korea



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


No Copyright - United State