Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School



Chandigarh is the only completely planned city in India. Brasilia (the new capital of Brazil) and Chandigarh are, in fact, the only major completely planned cities of the mid-20th Century. Brasilia has slums in the satellite villages, whereas Chandigarh does not have many apparent slums within the city as most of them have been cleared by resettlement made possible by a low-cost housing program. Chandigarh is an expensive city in which to live and build, but it is well planned. The city provides an excellent training ground for study by architects and planners throughout the world. The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether the planned objectives of Chandigarh, in terms of benefiting the local Indian people, have been achieved. The city seems to have attained its goal of providing better environmental conditions for its residents. Chandigarh was planned to be an administrative city, the capital of two states (Punjab and Haryana); it has served this function successfully. The city fathers attempted to disregard the caste system; this difficult task, also seems to have been achieved. The populace adjusted very well to the new ideas of the modern era. This writer believes that Chandigarh has fulfilled all its primary objectives, even though it has been an expensive project for a developing nation such as India. The goal of this study is to determine and analyze the planning background of the city and its functions in a geographical context. Additionally, it is to analyze the development of the city from its inception and those problems faced by its residents. The master plan of Chandigarh was instrumental in defining the role of professional town planning and architecture in India. It is a landmark in the development of urban areas in India. Chandigarh also helped to spread the role of urban planning, not only to new cities, but to the improvement of the older cities such as. Delhi, Bombay, Madras and Calcutta as well. Chandigarh was planned to benefit the urban poor, something that had never before been done in India. India is essentially a poor nation and successful development, therefore, should be designed to uplift the poor rather than to suppress them.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Chandīgarh (India) -- Description



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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