Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Sociology and Rural Studies

First Advisor

Linda Baer


This study investigated relationships between nonmetropolitan net migration rates and selected demographic and employment characteristics in the Agricultural Western Plains Division of the West North Central Region, 1970-1980. This division comprises of the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas. A case study of South Dakota was also conducted to identify the association between nonmetropolitan age-specific net migration rates and changes in selected employment characteristics, 1970-1980. The specific demographic variable was the ratio of males to females in the nonmetropolitan counties, while the employment variables included civilian labor force status, civilian labor force employed, and employment in each of the major industry groups. Data were collected and analyzed at the nonmetropolitan county group level. The nonmetropolitan counties were grouped according to their relationship to metropolitan counties and town size. Findings indicated that both net migration rates and age-specific net migration rates had differential contributions to changes in the independent variables examined.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Demography -- Middle West

Migration, Internal -- Middle West

Population density -- Middle West

Middle West -- Occupations



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University