Wu-Jian Zhu

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School


First Advisor

Charles F. Gritzner


China is the world's most populated country. With more than one billion people, it accounts for about one-fourth of the world's population. No world summary of population trends is complete without the inclusion of China. Additionally, China occupies approximately 3.7 million square miles, which is nearly one-fifteenth of the world's land area, making the country the third largest in the world. Additionally, China is a possible model for other countries to follow in medical and birth planning work. Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the country has experienced a remarkable demographic transition. Many geographers and demographers are interested in studying China's population. Population data come from various sources, including official population censuses, newspapers, which gave a different figures in their articles, and various reports. These different data affect the accuracy of conclusions about China's population. In this ·study, the author has tried to cite the official population statistics published by the State Statistical Bureau in /order to provide the data base for more accurate conclusions. Most data cited in this study are obtained from the Statistical Yearbook Of China published in different years. The book, publishes accurate and systematic population statistics of China. This study deals with both the spatial and temporal aspects of population research and falls within the geographic sub-field of population geography. The objective of this study is to examine the population situation in China from 1949 to 1984 in a geographical context. Specifically, it is to analyze changes in the geographical distribution of population and trends in population growth in China from 1949 to 1984 including urban-rural contrasts.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

China -- Population

Population density -- China

China -- Statistics, Vital

Demography -- China



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University