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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

James E. Lidstone


Creative research is one of the four classifications of research in health, physical education, recreation and dance identified by Thomas and Nelson. It can take on many forms and is usually associated with the arts. It is research of a slightly different order than analytical, descriptive or experimental research which are seen to generate factual data. The product of the creative research process may be one of many art forms including visual, performance and literary to name but a few. To be successful in creative research, it is necessary to relate, as a whole, the intrinsic values of an art form while utilizing the creative nature of research and the information gathered regarding the research process. The art form must be of sufficient scope to generate a quality level of exploration though not so complex as to extend beyond the researcher's ability. There is no set formula for making artistic sculpture. There are as many processes as there are artists, and it is up to the artist to select the medium that will best accomplish the stated purposes. David Havre shows his humor by mixing solid spaces and voids and by integrating diverse form (Figure 1). By breaking up the fragments of a body he re-combines the pieces to emphasize that the existence of an object is an exercise in interaction between the worked the viewer. "Man with a Drum" is made of bronze and measures 23 5/8 inches tall. In contrast, "Meditating Youth" is a statement, not of spaces and voids, but of a solid body (Figure 2). Its emphasis is to remain solidly on the ground rather than to be stretched beyond limits and reformed. This study in bronze measures 68½ inches and reflects the contemplation of a youthful mind. If one were to relate the two figures, one would immediately experience difficulty in evolving a specific definition of sculpture. This can also be extended to include other sculptors and works which exhibit an even greater variety of ingenuity and craftsmanship. The sculptor can hammer forms out of metal plates or dovetail a series of materials together to form a statement that is highly expressive, primitive or. modern, simple or complex, and all can be determined to have a figurative value and exhibit the form and space of three-dimensional sculpture. "Don Quixote with Sail of a Windmill", by Germaine Richier (Figure 3), represents an idealistic man with a vision but with an elastic grasp on reality. The statement made is that there is a fragile, unstable skeleton exposed to external forces not under one's control. This hero is pushed to the edge of his world where he wages his struggle against himself. The gilted bronze piece is fragile-looking and exudes a sense of helplessness against an unbeatable foe. The tragic nonconformist theme of this piece is as viable a rally point as the serene contemplative passivity of Blumenthal's "Meditating Youth".

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Sports in art

Springboard diving -- Art





Number of Pages



South Dakota State University