Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Counseling and Human Development


The purpose of this research was to develop and test a technique which emphasized planned self-image learning experiences for children in a Head Start program. The goal of the program was to allow four- and five-year-old’s the opportunity to explore and begin to discover and know themselves. The series of four experiences used in this study was developed by the author to appeal to young children, be within their range of physical and mental capabilities, and have a positive effect on self-concept of body image. The hypothesis thus reads: When children are given opportunity to explore their individuality at an early age, significant steps can be taken toward understanding and accepting of self as related to body image growth when measured by the children's response to a draw-a-man test. which has been formulated in terms of body image. Body image is a term which refers to the body is a psychological experience and focuses on the individual's feelings and attitudes toward his own body. Very little has been done in the way of developing meaningful behavioral objectives in the area of self-image growth in children. Kapfer and Ovard state: "These less tangible goals are an important part of the educational picture but do not appear in curricular planning because of the difficulty in evaluating progress of A study to determine the relationship of self-concept and school achievement by Purkey points out data do not provide clear-cut evidence concerning which comes first--a positive self-concept or scholastic success, a negative self-concept or scholastic failure. However, the literature does stress a strong reciprocal relationship and gives us reason to assume that enhancing the self-concept is a vital influence in improving academic performance.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Education, Preschool



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University