Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Civil Engineering


In order to comply with the federal Water Pollution Control act Amendments of 1972, many small communities in South Dakota are faced with the probability of having to update the quality of wastewater that is being discharged. Many of these communities presently use low-cost lagoons or stabilization ponds that provide various degrees of wastewater treatment. With lack of trained personnel for routine operation and maintenance and the inherent financial problems due to a limited tax base, small communities have a definite need for a simple and inexpensive form of wastewater treatment that ill upgrade effluents from stabilization ponds to meet the more stringent discharge requirements. Infiltration-percolation systems are successfully used in the southern climates of the United States throughout the year. The concern has been expressed, however, about the feasibility of using infiltration-percolation basins in northern climates where severe winters are a common occurrence. It is imperative to verify the ability of infiltration-percolation basins to operate successfully under adverse winter conditions and still produce an effluent that meets discharge requirements. The objectives of this portion of the study were as follows: 1. Identify some of the major winter operating constraints for infiltration-percolation systems, and 2. Investigate the amount of required storage if continuous operation of infiltration-percolation basins if possible.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Sewage -- Purification -- Filtration



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University