Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Bradley J. Bowser


Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, Hip Abduction, Hip Abductors, Lateral Band Walk, Tensor Fasciae Latae


BACKGROUND: Lateral band walks (LBW) have been used to strengthen hip abductors and decrease risk of lower extremity injuries. Several methods have been used to complete this exercise to determine which has the best outcome. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare muscle activation of the gluteus medius (Gmed), gluteus maximus (Gmax), and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) during straight leg LBW exercises performed using three different hip positions: 30-degree internal rotation, 30-degree external rotation, and a neutral hip position. METHODS: Thirty-seven recreationally active participants (10 male, 27 female; age=21.4±2.2 yr; mass=71.4±13kg; height=1.7±0.1 m) completed this study. Surface EMG sensors were placed bilaterally the on Gmax, Gmed, and TFL. Kinematic data and EMG data were analyzed during each step of the LBW tests. The meanRMS was calculated for the lead and trail legs. The mean of each participant was compared across the three different hip rotation. Each subject completed two trials of each hip rotation for a total of six lateral band walk trials. A one way ANOVA was used to compare EMG muscle activity for the Gmax, Gmed, TFL, and Gmed/TFL ratio followed by Post-hoc comparisons. Partial Eta squared and Cohen’s d were used to determine effective sizes. RESULTS: Leg x hip rotation interaction was detected for the Gmax, Gmed, TFL, and Gmed/TFL ratio (p

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Hip joint -- Exercise therapy.
Hip joint -- Muscles.
Muscle strength.
Exercise -- Physiological aspects.
Gluteus medius.
Gluteus maximus.
Tensor fasciae latae.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright