Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

First Advisor

Neil Hattlestad


The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two types of visual feedback on performance of selected uneven parallel bar skills. The subjects were 30 female college undergraduates enrolled in gymnastics and tumbling courses in the Fitness and Lifetime Activities Program (non-majors) or the Professional Skills Program (HPER majors) at South Dakota State University. Videotape replay feedback and teacher demonstration feedback were assigned to the two experimental groups with the third group serving as the control. Treatment for the experimental subjects consisted of videotape replay of skill performance for one group and teacher demonstration of the skill for the other group. Data analysis included judge objectivity among the raters, reliability and reproducibility assessments, and a one-way analysis of variance to determine whether significant mean changes had occurred between the groups. All statistical tests were conducted at the .05 level. A high level of objectivity was found between the raters. Reliability coefficients and reproducibility of the data were generally high for the ratings. Nonsignificant F-ratios were found between the groups. Therefore, within the constraints of this study it did not appear that the. use of videotape replay had an effect on the performance of uneven parallel bar skills.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Uneven parallel bars
Video tapes in education




South Dakota State University