Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date

1978

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Home Economics

First Advisor

Wayne Johnson

Abstract

A nutrition survey was conducted in which the diets of 79 pregnant Sioux Indian women living on the Cheyenne River Reservation in South Dakota were evaluated. A 24-hour recall was used and background information was collected by the researcher at Public Health Service prenatal clinics. The dietary intakes were evaluated according to Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). Diets were considered to be good if they provided all nutrients (protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and ascorbic acid) and energy at or above recommended levels, and poor if they provided one or more nutrients below two-thirds the RDA. In accordance with earlier research, these dietary intakes were found to be quite inadequate, with no intakes fitting into the good category and only 9 percent providing at least two-thirds the RDA for each nutrient and energy. When the vitamin and mineral supplements which were provided to these women were included, 18 percent received a good rating, but 54 percent still received poor ratings. When the relationship between age, education, and participation in food programs was measured through statistical tests, it was found that these variables had little to do with nutrient intake. The results of this survey suggest that the nutritional needs of the fetus and the mother may not be met by a substantial segment of this population group.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dakota Indians
Pregnancy -- Nutritional aspects

Format

application/pdf

Publisher

South Dakota State University

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