Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

First Advisor

Neil Hattlestad

Second Advisor

Barry McKeown


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between state anxiety measures and shooting proficiency among women basketball players during game conditions and throughout a co11egiate basketball season. A secondary purpose was to determine the relationship between trait anxiety and state anxiety in addition to selected measures of shooting proficiency. Twelve members of the 1977-78 South Dakota State University Wome1's Basketball Team were assessed through the use of the following measures: (1) State Anxiety Inventory; (2) Sport Competition Anxiety Test; (3) pre-game heart rate; (4) game fie]d goal percentages; (5) game free throw percentages; (6) season field goal percentages; and (7) season free throw percentages. For purposes of determining if any significant differences existed between anxiety and performance among performers, the subjects were assigned to groups. Group I consisted of the players who attempted over 122 field goals during the season, while Group II attempted 95 field goals or less. A One-Way Analysis of Variance revealed that there were significant mean differences between Group I and Group II on season field goal percentage and the State Anxiety Inventory. Subsequent data analyses throughout this study incorporated only the values from Group I. A zero-order correlation analysis revealed that the only significant relationship observed between measures of anxiety and performance was between the measures of the State Anxiety Inventory and the Sport Competition Anxiety Test. Accurate estimates of field goal shooting proficiency utilizing multiple regression techniques can be accomplished through the knowledge of selected anxiety measures. However, no significant multiple regression equation could be developed for predicting free throw success. All statistical tests were conducted at the 0.05 level of significance.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Basketball for women -- Psychological aspects
Basketball players




South Dakota State University