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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department / School


First Advisor

Mary R. Ryder


The critical response to Hemingway's work thus lacks a needed balance. The female characters are seldom examined in a positive light, while the male characters are generally viewed positively. Male and female critics alike share this bias, and these stereotypical views of Hemingway's works have locked out a vast female audience. A new look at the Hemingway canon, particularly his character development, is needed. Hemingway developed a code for his male heroes, and also applied the same principles for behavior to his female characters. Understanding that the same code is applicable to both characters denies that the women are the more limited figures in his work. Rather, they are different sides of the same coin. A close study of Hemingway's principal female figures reveals that Hemingway had a more sensitive appreciation of and more healthy respect for women than has previously been credited to him. The evolution of this Code Hero Woman becomes evident through a chronological study of representative novels, including The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), The Garden of Eden (1986), and selected short stories.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961 -- Characters -- Women
Women in literature




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