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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date

1994

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Home Economics

First Advisor

Delores Kluckman

Abstract

The study proposed to examine perceived food buying practices and food buying knowledge of participants in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). It also proposed to determine if food buying practices and knowledge differed among food stamp and non- food stamp recipients, as well as among participants and non-participants of the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). The survey consisted of a 14-item Likert-type food buying practice scale, a 5-item multiple choice food buying knowledge scale, and 14 sociodemographic questions. A total of 301 surveys were analyzed. A .05 significance level was established. Cronbach alpha analysis of the food buying practices and food buying knowledge scales of the survey resulted in unreliable ratios. Pearson Product correlations indicated a number of significant, but low, correlations within food buying practice scale items. Few significant correlations were found within the food buying knowledge scale, between the food buying practice and food buying knowledge scales, and between sociodemographic items and each of the scales. For a majority of the food buying practice scale items, chi-square analysis indicated few significant differences between food stamp recipients and non-food stamp recipients. Chi-square analysis of the food buying knowledge scale indicated a significant difference between food stamp and non-food stamp recipients. Frequency distributions indicated non-food stamp recipients had more food buying knowledge scale items correct than food stamp recipients. Relationships were found between food stamp participation and the number of adults in the household, the educational level of the WIC participants, and the WIC participants' employment status. Only 9% of the participants in the sample had participated in EFNEP. Therefore, conclusions were not able to be drawn concerning EFNEP participants' food buying practices or food buying knowledge. Because of inconclusive results of this study, further research was suggested to determine the food buying practices and food buying knowledge of WIC clientele.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (U.S.)
Market surveys
Nutrition surveys
Grocery shopping

Format

application/pdf

Publisher

South Dakota State University

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