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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Nutrition, Food Science, and Hospitality

First Advisor

Bonny Specker


The objective of this study was to determine whether variety and frequency of foods present in the diets of infants at 12 months of age has a significant impact on the variety and frequency of foods consumed by infants at 36 months of age. The infants were randomized into one of four groups. These groups were: l. Commercial-weaned, Early Introduction, 2. Commercial-weaned, Late Introduction, 3. Parent's Choice-weaned, Early Introduction, 4. Parent's Choice-weaned, Late Introduction. Significant differences found in variety and frequency of foods consumed by commercial-weaned versus parent's choice-weaned groups were in the mean intakes of Cereals/Breads and Dairy Foods consumed at 12 months of age. In conclusion, it was found that there were differences in several of the varieties and frequencies consumed of several food categories between groups of infants randomized to the different feeding groups (commercial vs. parent's choice) at 12 months of age. However, these differences are likely to be a result of restrictions imposed by the study design. There were no differences between groups at 36 months of age. The timing of the introduction of solids did not affect variety or frequency at either age. Correlations between variety or frequency of certain foods consumed at 12 and 36 months were observed.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Infants -- Nutrition
Children -- Nutrition




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