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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Penny Powers


employee health programs, health behavior, health risk assessment, motivation


This descriptive correlational study includes analyzes of the relationships between preventative health action and motivational style for city employees participating and not participating in the city's current wellness program. This study also describes the profiles of the participant and non-participant groups. The data for the majority of the 76 subjects, 53 participants and 23 non-participants, were collected at a health fair held for city employees by undergraduate and graduate students from South Dakota State University. Two instruments were used to collect data. The Health Risk Appraisal Questionnaire (HRAQ) measures items such as demographic variables, blood pressure, cholesterol level, smoking status, etc. The Motivation for Physical Activities Measure (MPAM) contains five subscales to measure motivation.
Differences among motivational styles were found between subscale fitness and subscale attractiveness (see Table 5). The average subscale score for the subscale fitness for participants of the wellness program was significantly higher than the score of the non-participant group. The finding suggests that the participating group identified more with the reason of fitness as a strong motivator to participate in their primary physical activity than did the non-participating group. The average subscale score for the subscale attractiveness for non-participants of the wellness program was significantly higher than the score of the participant group of the wellness program. Findings suggest that the nonparticipant group participate in their primary physical activity to improve the attractiveness of their body more than the participant group. The two groups perform many preventative health actions. But this study found that the participants that currently belong to the city's wellness program were found to have more preventive health behaviors (see Table 4).

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Employees -- Health programs
Health behavior
Health risk assessment
Motivation (Psychology)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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