studing textiles, selecting woolen fabrics, home ecnomics department
Agricultural Extension Service, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Materials made from woolen and worsted yarns are among our most useful and valued textiles. The raw material is procured form the fleeces of the various breeds of sheeps, goats, and other animals living in all parts of the world. The clothes made from this wool or hair vary greatly, as the fiber ranges from the short staple, soft, crumpy, dull merino wool to the long, silky, lustrous wool of the Leicester sheep of England, the glossy hair of the Angora goat of Constantinople, or the long, coarse hair of the Chinese sheep. The length of the staple varies from 2-20 inches. The fiber of most of the shorter wools is covered with minute serrations which are induced to draw together when subjected to moist heat. This quality of shrinking or felting is utilized in making some classes of goods such as doeskins and broadcloths. On account of these variations the industry may be said to include, in general terms: 1. Materials made from dull, soft, loosely twisted yarn of uncombed, short stapled wool, such as blankets, sweater material, broadcloth, and many flannels which are generally termed woolens. 2. Cloths from carefully comb, long, more or less lustrous wool made into closely twisted yarn and woven into serges, covert cloth, mohairs, which are generally called worsteds.
This item is in the public domain.
Linfield, A., "Textile Study: Wool" (1922). SDSU Extension Circulars. 44.