Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2018

Keywords

rural, Hutterite, physical activity, diet, behavior, lifestyle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural⁻urban obesity disparity.

METHODS: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20⁻66 years in three groups: (1) non-rural non-Hutterite, (2) rural non-Hutterite, and (3) rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Diet data were collected using food frequency questionnaires, and food group servings per day (svg/day) are reported. Mixed models were generated to determine group differences in physical activity and diet outcomes, and marginal group means are presented.

RESULTS: Among females, both rural groups spent more time in moderate activity (4.8 ± 0.13 h/day and 4.7 ± 0.09 h/day vs. 3.5 ± 0.11 h/day, both

CONCLUSIONS: A rural occupation and lifestyle appear to contribute to differences in physical activity, while traditional rural lifestyle practices contribute to differences in diet.

Publication Title

Nutrients

Volume

10

Issue

11

First Page

1601

Format

application/pdf

Language

en

PMCID

PMC6267585

DOI of Published Version

10.3390/nu10111601

Publisher

MDPI

Rights

© 2018 The Authors

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Comments

This article was published in (2018) Nutrients, 10(11), 1601; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111601

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