Upon entering college, students around the United States are exposed to alcohol and the potentially dangerous experiences and effects that come with consuming alcohol. Whether the individual is a general college student or a college student-athlete, the issues are prevalent. According to the 2014 United States Census, there are approximately 23 million students attending U.S. colleges. According to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), there are 460,000 student-athletes across the United States (NCAA, 2017). When National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) student-athletes are included, the overall number then surpasses 500,000. A student-athlete (SA) can be defined as an individual who is enrolled in college classes and also participating in a varsity athletic program on a collegiate level. Therefore, SAs comprise approximately 2 percent of the general student population. Taking into consideration this segment of the student populace (participants in university-sanctioned athletics), the differences shown between this group and the general student community in regard to consumption of alcohol are significant. Gordner (2014) found that 90% of college students who classified as a SA reported drinking alcohol; that is 8 percentage points higher than the rate for the overall student population. Extensive research has been completed on the topic of collegiate SA and alcohol consumption, and researchers have concluded that college SAs consume a disproportionate amount of alcohol in comparison with their non-athlete peers.
Journal of Amateur Sport
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University of Kansas
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Arnold, Zoe and Liu, Hung-Ling (Stella), "The Relationship between Alcohol Consumption, Academic Success, and Athletic Identity in Collegiate Student-Athletes" (2020). Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications. 412.
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