School of American and Global Studies Faculty Books with a Focus on History, Philosophy, Political Science, and Religion
Women’s Paths to Power: Female Presidents and Prime Ministers, 1960–2020
Evren Celik Wiltse and Lisa Hager
From Brazil to Bangladesh, Liberia to Switzerland, Malta to the Marshall Islands, more and more women are rising to the top level of political leadership. What can we learn from this? What kinds of conditions and political institutions pave the way for a woman's ascendance to power? Are there common pathways to power? How much do family ties matter? Is political activism and important factor?
Children and Methods Listening To and Learning From Children in the Biblical World (Brill's Series in Jewish Studies, 67)
A. James Murphy, Kristine Henriksen Garroway, and John W. Martens
A. James Murphy is a contributing author, "Children in Mark: A Deconstuctive Approach" (pp 196-216).
T&T Clark Handbook of Children in the Bible and the Biblical World
A. James Murphy, Sharon Betsworth, and Julie Faith Parker
A. James Murpy is a contributing author, "The Lost Boys' (and Girls) of Q's' Neverland, " (pp - 291-310).
"This ground-breaking volume examines the presentation and role of children in the ancient world, and specifically in ancient Jewish and Christian texts. With carefully commissioned chapters that follow chronological and canonical progression, a sequential reading of this book enables deeper appreciation of how understandings of children change over time.
Divided into four sections, this handbook first offers an overview of key methodological approaches employed in the study of children in the biblical world, and the texts at hand. Three further sections examine crucial texts in which children or discussions of childhood are featured; presented along chronological lines, with sections on the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, the Intertestamental Literature, and the New Testament and Early Christian Apocrypha. Relevant not only to biblical studies but also cross-disciplinary scholars interested in children in antiquity."
Habits in Mind: Integrating Theology, Philosophy, and the Cognitive Science of Virtue, Emotion, and Character Formation
Gregory R. Peterson, James Van Slyke, Michael L. Spezio, Kevin S. Reimer, and George Tsakiridis
George Tsakiridis is a contributing author, “Habit as a Spiritual Discipline in Early Christianity,” pp. 77-88.
Book Description: The language of habit plays a central role in traditional accounts of the virtues, yet it has received only modest attention among contemporary scholars of philosophy, psychology, and religion. This volume explores the role of both "mere habits" and sophisticated habitus in the moral life.
Global Political Economy after the Crisis: Theoretical Perspectives and Country Experiences
Sadik Unay and Evren Celik Wiltse
Evren Celik Wiltse is a contributing author, " Cuba: A Unique Player in the World Economy."
Book description: The established structural parameters of the global political economy underwent a profound transformation following the global economic crisis which triggered a paradigmatic change in terms of both the theoretical underpinnings and practical formulations of mainstream approaches to macroeconomic management and development. Neither the industrialized nor the newly industrializing economies were immune from the tumultuous impact of the ever-deepening global crisis, as a result of which a series of non-conventional policy responses were developed and swiftly implemented by policy makers across a wide range of policy areas. Counter-cyclical fiscal policies and stimulus packages to spur dwindling growth, heterodox monetary and central banking policies to rescue financial institutions in distress, strategic trade policies to maintain international competitiveness and market share become increasingly widespread. Neo-Keynesian emergency measures almost became the global norm, rather than the exception, in most of the leading global economic powers; thereby substantially increasing the relative emphasis in the economic importance and role of the state in the post-crisis period.
Introduction to Global Politics
Evren Balta and Evren Celik Wiltse
Evren Celik Wiltse is a contributing author, “Chapter 6: Liberalism, Cooperation, Collective Security and Neoliberal Institutionalism”
Democratic Reform and Consolidation: The Cases of Mexico and Turkey
Evren Celik Wiltse
According to Freedom House, 'partly free' societies account for roughly a quarter of the world's population, across around 60 countries. Such countries pose interesting challenges to researchers: they are not blatantly authoritarian regimes, because they have rather established, competitive elections. Yet their political systems suffer significant democratic deficiencies. What are the conditions for democratic improvement and consolidation? How do societies with some degree of development and democratic opening create free and open regimes? Which types of historical institutions and state-society relations help foster this? What is the role of international actors? Which forms of international engagement enhance the prospects of democratic progress and consolidation, and which hinder it? This book tackles those questions. By homing in on two pivotal countries, Mexico and Turkey, Evren Çelik Wiltse analyses the dynamics of democratic progress and consolidation from a comparative historical perspective.
Culture, Rhetoric, and Voting: The Presidential Election of 2012
Lisa Hager, Douglas M. Brattebo, Tom Lansford, and Jack Covarrubias
Lisa Hager is a contributing author, “The Predisposing, Motivating, and Constraining Factors of Early Voting: Assessing the Impact of Campaign Strategies and Voting Laws."
Book description: The presidential election of 2012 was among the most important in American history, both for the policies that will persist due to its result as well as the national political transformation it portends. The contest’s outcome was the product of complex and fast-moving societal changes― demographic, technological, and economic― surfacing in American society. This volume, consisting of writings by leading scholars of American politics and the American presidency, examines the 2012 presidential election in its many facets. Particularly prominent in these analyses are: psychology, religion, and culture, rhetoric, and voting.
Greece, Macedon and Persia
Timothy Howe, Erin Gavin, and Graham Wrightson
Greece, Macedon and Persia contains a collection of papers related to the history and historiography of warfare, politics and power in the Ancient Mediterranean world. The contributions, written by 19 recognized experts from a variety of methodological and evidentiary perspectives, show how ancient peoples considered war and conflict at the heart of social, political and economic activity. Though focusing on a single theme – war – the papers are firmly based in the context of the wider social and literary issues of Ancient Mediterranean scholarship and as such, consider war and conflict as part of a complex matrix of culture in which historical actors articulate their relationships with society and historical authors articulate their relationships with history. The result is a rich understanding of Ancient World history and history-writing. The volume is presented in honor of Waldemar Heckel, a foremost scholar of Alexander the Great and ancient warfare.
The Many Faces of War in the Ancient Ward
Sabine Müller, Graham Wrightson, and Waldemar Heckel
This volume on different aspects of warfare and its political implications in the ancient world brings together the works of both established and younger scholars working on a historical period that stretches from the archaic period of Greece to the late Roman Empire. With its focus on cultural and social history, it presents an overview of several current issues concerning the new military history. The book contains papers that can be conveniently divided into three parts. Part I is composed of three papers primarily concerned with archaic and classical Greece, though the third covers a wide range and relates the experience of the ancient Greeks to that of soldiers in the modern world one might even argue that the comparison works in reverse. Part II comprises five papers on warfare in the age of Alexander the Great and on its reception early in the Hellenistic period. These demonstrate that the study of Alexander as a military figure is hardly a well-worn theme, but rather in its relative infancy, whether the approach is the tried and true (and wrongly disparaged) method of Quellenforschung or that of experiencing war, something that has recently come into fashion. Part III offers three papers on war in the time of Imperial Rome, particularly on the fringes of the Empire. Covering a wide chronological span, Greek, Macedonian and Roman cultures and various topics, this volume shows the importance and actuality of research on the history of war and the diversity of the approaches to this task, as well as the different angles from which it can be analysed.
The Bearslayers: The Rise and Fall of the Latvian National Communists
William D. Prigge
The 1959 purge of the Latvian national communists has long been cast in black-and-white terms: Russification and resistance; victimizers and victims. Conventional wisdom holds that Nikita Khrushchev was behind the purge. After all, he was the Soviet premier; he stopped in Riga just a few weeks before; even the leading victim of the purge, Eduards Berklavs, labeled Khrushchev the culprit. For the first time, William D. Prigge’s penetrating analysis challenges this view and untangles the intricacies of Soviet center-periphery relations like a political thriller. With each new chapter, a truer understanding of events comes into sharper focus – more complex and fascinating than could ever be imagined. Ultimately, the reverberations are felt all the way to the Kremlin and weaken what Khrushchev thought was his own firm footing. For the student of Soviet and Latvian history alike, this volume provides more than just the story of a purge – it is a unique snapshot into the political machinations of the Soviet Union and one of its republics.
The Age of the Successors and the Creation of the Hellenistic Kingdoms (323-276 BC)
Graham Wrightson and H. Hauben
Graham Wrightson is a contributing author, “The Naval Battles of 323/2 BCE.”
Book description: After conquering one of the biggest empires the world has ever seen, Alexander the Great died prematurely in 323 B.C., without leaving a suitable heir to the throne. During the next decades his generals, thenceforth known as the Diadochoi or Successors, unremittingly fought over the king's inheritance. The balance of power which ultimately resulted from their struggle would determine the course of events in the eastern Mediterranean for centuries to come. Despite its historical importance, many aspects of the age of the Successors remain underexplored. Written by leading international specialists, the 24 contributions to this book help in remedying that situation by addressing new issues or shedding fresh light on old questions. They not only explore the written and material evidence for the epoch, the Successors' armies and military campaigns, their political ambitions and relationships with Greek cities, but they also address several social, economic, religious, numismatic, art-historical and urbanistic issues. They will significantly enhance our knowledge of the creation of the Hellenistic kingdoms as well as on the then prevailing dynastic ideas and practices. The book is of interest to students of Hellenistic history and archaeology, and Greek historiography.
Kids and Kingdom: the Precarious Presence of Children in the Synoptic Gospels
A. James Murphy
Kids and Kingdom challenges the traditional view that Jesus was deeply concerned over children. Instead, it is argued that despite the Synoptic authors' attempts to convince us that children are fully included in the kingdom of God--that "Jesus loves the little children"--their presentations fail to conceal images of household disruption and alienation of children brought about by Jesus' eschatological movement. After establishing what Greco-Roman and Jewish sources reveal about children by the end of the first century, a deconstructive literary approach is applied to the Synoptic Gospels, foregrounding children over other characters in relation to Jesus' adult ministry. Murphy scrutinizes prominent healing narratives involving children, and teachings involving children such as "The Child in the Midst" (Mark 9:36-37 and parallels), "One of These Little Ones" (Mark 9:42 and parallels), and "Let the Young Children Come to Me" (Mark 10:13-16 and parallels). These are examined against sayings of Jesus relativizing family ties and the lifestyle indicative of the radical call to discipleship in the Synoptic narratives. Fundamentally, this study does not seek to resolve but to highlight the tensions in the Synoptic Gospels between attempts at child inclusivity and the radical demands of discipleship.
Religion and the New Atheism: A Critical Appraisal
Amarnath Amarasingam and Gregory R. Peterson
Gregory R. Peterson is a contributing author, "Ethics, Out-Group Altruism, and the New Atheism.”
Book description: The term new atheism has been given to the recent barrage of bestselling books written by Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Daniel Dennett, Christopher Hitchens, and others. These books and their authors have had a significant media presence and have only grown in popularity over the years. This book brings together scholars from religious studies, science, sociology of religion, sociology of science, philosophy, and theology to engage the new atheism and place it in the context of broader scholarly discourses. This volume will serve to contextualize and critically examine the claims, arguments and goals of the new atheism so that readers can become more informed of some of the debates with which the new atheists inevitably and, at times unknowingly, engage.
The Routledge Companion to Religion and Science
James W. Haag, Gregory R. Peterson, and Michael L. Spezio
The field of religion and science is one of the most exciting and dynamic areas of research today. This Companion brings together an outstanding team of scholars to explore the ways in which science intersects with the major religions of the world and religious naturalism. The collection provides an overview of the field and also indicates ways in which it is developing. Its multicultural breadth and scientific rigor on topics that are and will be compelling issues in the first part of the twenty-first century and beyond will be welcomed by students and scholars alike.
Science, Ethics, and Politics: Conversations and Investigations
Kristen Renwick Monroe, Gregory R. Peterson, Kevin S. Reimer, Michael Spezio, Warren Brown, James Van Slyke, and Kristen Renwick Monroe
Gregory R. Peterson (with Kevin S. Reimer, and Michael Spezio, Warren Brown, James Van Slyke, and Kristen Renwick Monroe) is a contributing author, “Virtuous Courage: New Methods for the Interdisciplinary Study of Virtue."
Book description: The relationship between science and ethics has been subject to much debate. This volume demonstrates the mutually beneficial relationship that can take place between ethics and science. It presents work that utilises the tools of science - broadly conceptualised - to elucidate ethical issues, showing that careful scientific analysis of ethical issues can reveal new insights. This is supplemented by conversations with the authors - some of them pre-eminent scientists addressing issues of ethics, including two Nobel laureates - to learn how they came to the study of ethics and ask how they conceptualise and think about ethical issues. Science, Ethics and Politics provides substantive insight into particular ethical issues, ranging from issues of torture during war to parents' obligations to children. This book is designed as a complement to traditional texts on ethics and should appeal to students of ethics as well as to the general public.
Theology and the Science of Moral Action: Virtue Ethics, Exemplarity, and Cognitive Neuroscience
James Van Slyke, Gregory R. Peterson, Michael Spezio, Kevin Reimer, and Warren Brown
Gregory R. Peterson is a co-editor and contributing author, "Exemplarism: Some Considerations.”
Book description: Theology and the Science of Moral Action explores a new approach to ethical thinking that promotes dialogue and integration between recent research in the scientific study of moral cognition and behaviour―including neuroscience, moral psychology, and behavioural economics―and virtue theoretic approaches to ethics in both philosophy and theology. More particularly, the book evaluates the concept of moral exemplarity and its significance in philosophical and theological ethics as well as for ongoing research programs in the cognitive sciences.
A Landscape History of New England
Dale Potts, Richard W. Judd, and Blake Harrison
Dale Potts is a contributing author, “Henry Red Eagle and the Native American Presence in the New England Woods.”
Book description: A Landscape History of New England takes a view of New England's landscapes that goes beyond picture postcard-ready vistas of white-steepled churches, open pastures, and tree-covered mountains. Its chapters, for example, describe the Native American presence in the Maine Woods; offer a history of agriculture told through stone walls, woodlands, and farm buildings; report on the fragile ecology of tourist-friendly Cape Cod beaches; and reveal the ethnic stereotypes informing Colonial Revivalism. Taken together, they offer a wide-ranging history of New England's diverse landscapes, stretching across two centuries.
The book shows that all New England landscapes are the products of human agency as well as nature. The authors trace the roles that work, recreation, historic preservation, conservation, and environmentalism have played in shaping the region, and provide fresh perspectives on New England's many landscapes: forests, mountains, farms, coasts, industrial areas, villages, towns, and cities. Generously illustrated, with many archival photographs, A Landscape History of New England offers readers a solid historical foundation for understanding the great variety of places that make up New England.
The Baltic States under Stalinist Rule
William D. Prigge and Olaf Mertelsmann
William D. Prigge is a contributing author " Sovietization, Russification and Nationalism in Post-War Latvia.", pp 71-86.
Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives
Elizabeth Carney, Daniel Ogden, Graham Wrightson, W. Heckel, and C. Willekes
Graham Wrightson (with Heckel and C. Willekes) is a contributing author, "Scythed Chariots at Gaugamela.”
Book description: The careers of Philip II and his son Alexander the Great (III) were interlocked in innumerable ways: Philip II centralized ancient Macedonia, created an army of unprecedented skill and flexibility, came to dominate the Greek peninsula, and planned the invasion of the Persian Empire with a combined Graeco-Macedonian force, but it was Alexander who actually led the invading forces, defeated the great Persian Empire, took his army to the borders of modern India, and created a monarchy and empire that, despite its fragmentation, shaped the political, cultural, and religious world of the Hellenistic era. Alexander drove the engine his father had built, but had he not done so, Philip's achievements might have proved as ephemeral as had those of so many earlier Macedonian rulers. On the other hand, some scholars believe that Alexander played a role, direct or indirect, in the murder of his father, so that he could lead the expedition to Asia that his father had organized. In short, it is difficult to understand or assess one without considering the other. This collection of previously unpublished articles looks at the careers and impact of father and son together. Some of the articles consider only one of the Macedonian rulers although most deal with both, and with the relationship, actual or imagined, between the two. The volume will contain articles on military and political history but also articles that look at the self-generated public images of Philip and Alexander, the counter images created by their enemies, and a number that look at how later periods understood them, concluding with the Hollywood depiction of the relationship. Despite the plethora of collected works that deal with Philip and Alexander, this volume promises to make a genuine contribution to the field by focusing specifically on their relationship to one another.
From Recognition to Restoration: Latvia's History as a Nation-State. (On the Boundary of Two Worlds)
David J. Smith, David J. Galbreath, Geoffrey Swain, and Will Prigge
Willima D. Prigge is a contributing author, "The Strange Death of Latvian National Communism."
Book Description: Taking its cue from the 90th anniversary commemorations of November 2008, this work explores the relationship between state and nationhood during the three phases to date in Latvia's existence as a territorial entity: the sovereign statehood of 1918-1940; the Soviet and Nazi occupations of 1940-1944 and the ensuing half-century within the USSR; and the post-1991 period, which has seen the restoration of independence on the basis of legal continuity from the inter-war period and - latterly - accession to the European Union. The aim in relation to all three eras is to go beyond the often essentialising contours of Cold War and post-Cold War debates and reveal the underlying complexities and ambiguities of political and social development.
Evagrius Ponticus and Cognitive Science: A Look at Moral Evil and the Thoughts
Description: This study puts the thought of Evagrius Ponticus, a fourth-century theologian, into dialogue with modern cognitive science in regard to the topic of evil, specifically moral evil. Evagrius, in his writings about prayer and the ascetic life, addressed the struggle with personal moral evil in terms of the eight ""thoughts"" or ""demons."" These ""thoughts"" were transmitted by John Cassian to the Western church, and later recast by Gregory the Great as the Seven Deadly Sins. Though present understandings of evil appear to differ greatly from those of Evagrius, his wisdom concerning the battle against evil may prove to be of great help even today. Using the work of Pierre Hadot to recover Evagrius's context, and the work of Paul Ricoeur to discuss how we construct descriptions and myths of evil, Evagrius is brought into dialogue with the cognitive sciences. Using current research, especially the work of Eugene d'Aquili and Andrew Newberg, this study reveals the contemporary relevance of Evagrius' approach to combating evil. In addition, the interdisciplinary study of patristics and cognitive science opens the pathway to a better understanding between Christian tradition and the modern sciences.
Globalization: Universal Trends, Regional Implications
Howard J. Wiarda and Evren Celik Wiltse
Evren Celik Wiltse is a contributing author “Globalization and Mexico.”