South Dakota Native Plant Research
Asteraceae: Achillea millefolium

Asteraceae: Achillea millefolium


Download Seed: The achene of yarrow is 1.5-3 mm long. (56 KB)

Download Seedling: Two month old seedlings grown in research greenhouse. (845 KB)

Download Vegetative: Finely dissected leaves of yarrow. (77 KB)

Download Flowering: The flower heads of yarrow are in flat topped corymbiform. (596 KB)

Download Fruiting: Yarrow begins to fruit mid-July to early August. (111 KB)

Download Yarrow plant beginning to flower (852 KB)

Family Name


Common Name

wooly yarrow, nosebleed, milfoil, wild tansy, sneezewort

Native American Name

Lakota: xante canxlogen and taopi pexuta


Achillea millefolium is a rhizomatous perennial herb which grows 30 cm to 100 cm in height. The leaves are alternate, compound bipinnately dissected, 5-20 cm long and feathery in appearance. Flowers are arranged in heads that are usually collected into flat-topped clusters. Heads are surrounded by imbricate bracts in several series and contain 10 or less ray flowers and 10-25 disk florets. Petals are white to cream-colored or rarely pinkish and bloom from May to June (later in higher locations). Fruit are flattened achenes that lack a pappus. This species is commonly found on all northern continents in mildly disturbed areas, meadows, woods, and prairies. It is common throughout South Dakota

Additional Notes

Yarrow attracts native butterflies, bees and other insects, making it a nice addition to ant garden.

xante canxlogen means Ceder weed

Horticulture Notes

Seed Collection: Collect seed in July after flower heads have dried
Germination: Etherol
Vegetative Propagation: From rootstock during the spring, the fall, and by cuttings
Soils: Well drained
Light: Full sun
Water: Drought tolerant when established
Notes: "When planting space 20-25 cm (8-12 in).

Asteraceae: Achillea millefolium