South Dakota Native Plant Research
Fragaria virginiana

Scientific Name

Fragaria virginiana


Download Seed: Achenes of wild strawberry after they were removed from the fruit, 1-1.5 mm long. (53 KB)

Download Seedling: Two month old seedling grown in research greenhouse at SDSU. (69 KB)

Download Vegetative: Basal, trifoliate leaves of wild strawberry in mid August, leaflets 1.5-7 cm long. (52 KB)

Download Flowering: The flowers have five sepals and five petals. (91 KB)

Download Fruiting: The fruit is red, juicy, and fleshy. (54 KB)

Family Name


Common Name

Wild strawberry

Native American Name

Dakota: ''Wazhushtech (*Wazhooshtei)''


Fragaria virginiana is a(n) perennial herbaceous, which grows 5 cm to 20 cm in height. This species is commonly found prairies, open woodlands, stream valleys, roadsides, much of US. The leaves are short-petiolulate. Fragaria virginiana has white white flowers that bloom from March to June.

Additional Notes

*In the 1980's Native Americans on the Lake Traverse Reservation began to document "Wazhushtech" in this format.

Horticulture Notes

Seed Collection: Collect seed when fruit matures in June
Germination: Etherol treated seed or fall sow for spring germination
Vegetative Propagation: Transplant stolons or cuttings in the spring
Soils: Loamy
Light: Full sun
Water: Moderate

Fragaria virginiana