Anemone canadensis is a(n) perennial herb, which grows 10 cm to 60 cm in height. This species is commonly found in moist meadows int the Limestone Plateau and rarely at mid to high elevations in the northern and central Black Hills. The leaves are basal and long-petioled except for 2-3 sessiles and have 3 to 5 lobes which are sharply toothed. Anemone canadensis has 1-3 white petals, 2-5 cm across, flowers that bloom from June to July.
Additional Notes: Meadow anemone, or Canada anemone, is much more common in the glaciated part of the northern Great Plains (mostly east of the Missouri River), where it forms patchs in moist prairies, wet meadows, and roadside ditches.
Dried root of meadow anemone was highly esteemed as a medicine by the Omaha and Ponca. It was used externally for wounds and sore eyes, and internally for various ailments.