South Dakota Native Plant Research
Rosa arkansana

Scientific Name

Rosa arkansana


Download Seed: The hairy achenes of prairie rose are 3.5-5 mm long. (57 KB)

Download Seedling: Seedling from a rose sucker planted in research garden at the Oak Lake Research Station near Brookings, S.D. (89 KB)

Download Vegetative: The leaves contain 7-11 leaflets. (61 KB)

Download Flowering: Flowers are solitary (96 KB)

Download Fruiting: Rose hips turn dark red in early fall. (61 KB)

Family Name


Common Name

Prairie rose


Rosa arkansana is a(n) perennial subherbaceous shrub, which grows .5m to 1m in height. This species is commonly found prairies, roadsides, woodlands. The leaves are 9-11 leaflets making up the alternate. Rosa arkansana has white pink flowers that bloom from May to August.

Horticulture Notes

Seed Collection: Collect rose hips in late fall when dark red
Germination: Fall sow
Vegetative Propagation: Division of crown
Soils: Gravelly to fine
Light: Full sun
Water: drought tolerant
Notes: Remove endocarp of fruit and store in cool dry place. Seeds should be a light to dark color of yellow or brown and void of green coloring. When propagating plant cuttings should be taken in early summer and directly planted into proper soil. Root or sucker cuttings tend to work the best. Keep cuttings well watered until they become established.

Rosa arkansana