South Dakota Native Plant Research
Apiaceae : Daucus carota

Apiaceae : Daucus carota


Download Second year plant in early spring (2.5 MB)

Download Inflorescence in early spring (740 KB)

Family Name


Common Name

Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot

Native American Name

Lakota: pȟaŋǧí zí


Daucus carota is an introduced, somewhat variable, biennial herb with slender to course solitary stems that are usually branched and between 30 and 120 cm tall. The stems can be smooth to roughly hairy. The alternate, compound leaves are tripinnate, finely divided with an overall triangular shape and 5–15 cm long. The ultimate divisions are linear to lanceolate, 2-12 mm long. The inflorescence is a compound umbel on a long (7-50 cm) peduncle with the umbellets attached by unequal rays 3-7.5 cm long. The flowers are small and dull white and usually have a pinkish to purple flower in the center of each of the umbellets. As the seeds develop, the umbel curls up at the edges, becoming more congested, with a concave surface. The fruits are small schizocarps 3-4 mm long and 2 mm wide and bristly. The dried umbels detach from the plant and become tumbleweeds. Queen Anne’s lace blooms from late April through June along roadsides and in waste places in South Dakota.

Additional Notes

Queen Anne’s lace an invasive weed and is listed as a noxious weed in at least 35 states Similar in appearance to poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), it can be distinguished from by a mix of tripinnate leaves, fine hairs on its solid green stems and on its leaves, a root that smells like carrots, and the single red flower in the center of the umbellets. Hemlock is also different in tending to have purple mottling on its stems.

Horticulture Notes

Although wild carrot is a beautiful plant and is common throughout North America, it is an invasive weed that can displace many native plant species and is not appropriate for cultivation in any native plant garden.

Apiaceae : Daucus carota