South Dakota Native Plant Research
Dalea purpurea

Scientific Name

Dalea purpurea


Download Seed: The smooth brown seed is 1.5-2 mm long. (82 KB)

Download Seedling: Two month old purple prairie clover seedling grown in research garden at SDSU. (80 KB)

Download Vegetative: Leaves are 1-4 cm long and made up of around 5 leaflets. (69 KB)

Download Flowering: Flowers are found in cylindric spikes. (88 KB)

Download Fruiting; The fruit pod is 2.1-2.5 mm long. (65 KB)

Family Name


Common Name

Purple prairie clover

Native American Name

Dakota: "Wanahcha"


Dalea purpurea is a(n) perennial herbaceous, which grows 3 dm to 9 dm in height. This species is commonly found rocky prairie plains, hillsides, open wooded areas, stream valleys, roadsides, southern Manitoba, Minnesota, Illinois, Alabama, Loisiana, Montana, Wyoming, Clolorado, New Mexcio, Texas. The leaves are alternate. Dalea purpurea has pink dark purple flowers that bloom from May to August.

Horticulture Notes

Seed Collection: Collect in Jul.-Aug. when seeds are brown
Germination: Scarification
Vegetative Propagation:
Soils: Tolerates most soil types
Light: Light sun
Water: Dry to moist

Dalea purpurea