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Currently, yellow perch Perca flavescens stocking needs in South Dakota are met by intensive trap and transfer of juvenile and adult perch. The success of these stocking efforts is largely undocumented, primarily due to problems in distinguishing yellow perch produced within the recipient water body and stocked perch. We first developed a transfer-tank marking protocol to determine immersion duration and optimal concentration of oxytetracycline (OTC) hydrochloride needed to produce an effective mark. Then we validated the protocol for adult yellow perch and determined the persistence of OTC in edible muscle tissue. Marking results indicated that satisfactory OTC marks may be obtained in juvenile yellow perch using 600- to 700-ppm OTC for an immersion period of 6 to 8 h. OTC marks were evident in juvenile yellow perch otoliths and dorsal spines checked at 3 months post-immersion. Mark quality was observed to be slightly better in juvenile dorsal spines than otoliths. OTC marks in adult yellow perch were detectable at otolith margins at 9 d post-immersion. Adult muscle tissues were analyzed with high pressure liquid chromatography to quantify OTC residues. A nonlinear model (In epi-OTC [~g g-I] = 0.960 - 0.389*In time [h]; r'- = 0.99) describing the combined OTC base/epi residue relation to time indicated that no more than 0.5 ~g OTC g-I should be present at 73 h following immersion.








Completion Report:
Federal Aid to Sportfish Restoration Project: F-15-R
Study Number: 1565
Date: June 2000