Geostatistical methods were used to characterize spatial variability in western ( Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) and northern ( Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence) corn rootworm adult emergence patterns. Semivariograms were calculated for adult emergence density of corn rootworm populations in fields of continuous corn and rotated (corn/soybean) corn. Adult emergence densities were generally greater for northern corn rootworms than for western corn rootworms. The spatial structures of the adult rootworm emergence were aggregated as described by spherical spatial models for western corn rootworm and exponential models for northern corn rootworm. Range of spatial dependence varied from 180 to 550 m for western corn rootworm and 172 to 281 m for northern corn rootworm. Semivariograrn models were used to produce contour density maps of adult populations in the fields, based on grid sampling of actual emerging adult populations.
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Ellsbury, M. M.; Woodson, W. D.; Clay, S. A.; Malo, D. D.; Schumacher, J.; Clay, D.; and Carlson, C. G., "Geostatistical Characterization of the Spatial Distribution of Adult Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Emergence" (1998). Agronomy, Horticulture and Plant Science Faculty Publications. 219.