Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dennis Helder


Detector responses in Bands 5 and 7 to the Internal Calibrator in the Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper vary over time. The observed variations are sinusoidal in nature, and believed to be caused by a time-dependent material accumulation on a window of the cold focal plane dewar containing the detectors. These changes in responses, referred to as outgassing effects, have been previously modeled, but corrections using those models were unsatisfactory. A new thin-film interference model has been developed that accounts for these effects. The model is based on analysis of three closely sampled sets of detector responses throughout the instrument's lifetime, and relates detector behavior to the accumulated material thickness, which depends on the interval since the previous outgassing event as well as the film growth rate. Corrections using this new model were found to improve the radiometric calibration of Bands 5 and 7 by approximately 3 percent.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Landsat satellites -- Calibration.
Artificial satellites in remote sensing.
Outgassing (Low pressure environments)
Infrared detectors.


South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright