Thesis - University Access Only
Master of Science (MS)
Department / School
Nutrition, Food Science, and Hospitality
Lifestyle and activity have important effects on bone mineral density (BMD), and a high BMD is associated with reduced fracture risk. A large amount of the variability in BMD is determined by genetics; however, choosing to optimize your genetic potential through diet and bone loading activities can reduce lifelong risks of fractures. Food groups such as fruits and vegetables play an important role in the upkeep of good health, because fruit and vegetables are alkaline-producing foods, high, long-term ingestion may have a beneficial effect on bone health. Baseline data on 685 healthy adults, aged 20 to 66 years, involved in the South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study (SDRBHS) were used. Of these, 349 were classified as rural and 336 were classified as non-rural. The results of this cross-sectional study of BMD and fruit and vegetable intake based on a food frequency questionnaire did not support a relationship between BMD and fruit and vegetable intake. Although there were some differences among quartiles, it was not in a predictable manner and often the lowest quartile of fruit and vegetable Intake had the highest BMD.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Fruit in human nutrition
Vegetables in human nutrition
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Gilbert, Marcella J., "The Role of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Bone Mineral Density" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 309.