Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

First Advisor

Dennis Helder


Detector Relative Gain, FPM Relative Gain, Periodic Model, Side Slither, Yaw Maneuver


Earth imaging satellites commonly acquire multispectral imagery using linear array detectors formatted as a pushbroom scanner. Landsat 8, a well-known example, uses pushbroom scanning and thus has 73,000 individual detectors. These 73,000 detectors are split among 14 different focal plane modules (FPM), and each detector and FPM exhibit unique behavior when monitoring a uniform radiance value. To correct for each detectors differences in sensor measurement a novel technique of relative gain estimation that employs an optimized modified Signal-to-Noise Ratio through a 90˚ yaw maneuver, also known as side slither, is presented that allows for both FPM and detector level relative gain calculation. A periodic model based on in-scene FPM corrections was designed as a go-to model for all bands aboard Landsat 8. Relative gains derived from the side slither technique and applied to imagery provide a visual and statistical reduction of detector level and FPM level striping and banding in Landsat 8 imagery. Both reflective and thermal wavelengths are corrected to a level that rivals current operational methods. While Landsat 8 is used as an example, the methodology is applicable to all linear array sensors that can perform a 90˚ yaw maneuver.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Landsat satellites -- Calibration.
Earth resources technology satellites -- Calibration.
Yawing (Aerodynamics)

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright