Thesis - University Access Only
Master of Science (MS)
Department / School
Tocols are naturally occurring vitamin E isomers. Corn is one of the rich sources of tocopherols and tocotrienols. Currently, corn is mostly processed by wet-milling. The first critical step of corn wet-milling is steeping---the soaking of the corn in water under controlled conditions of time, temperature and SO2 concentration. It was reported that only 27% of total tocols was recovered after wet-milling process. However, it was not clear which processing steps were detrimental to the tocols. The objective of this study is to develop a method for HPLC analysis of tocols in steeped corn and to study the effect of processing conditions on retention of different isomers. In this investigation, the extractions with saponification and without saponification were compared. The results indicated that steeped corn samples must be saponified with ethanolic KOH prior to determination of tocols. The optimal conditions for saponification were found to be 70 degrees for 15 minutes. The steeping conditions have different effects on retention of individual isomers.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Corn - Processing
Corn -- Analysis
High performance liquid chromatography
South Dakota State University
Ning, Jing, "Determination of Tocols in Corn by HPLC With Fluorescence Detection" (1994). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 53.