Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Biology and Microbiology


The overall project goal was to improve the ability of secondary science and agriculture teachers to incorporate environmental education into their curricula. The objectives of this project were to compile and develop resources for teaching about and for prairie watersheds, to plan and implement a one credit EE workshop entitled Environmental Education/or Secondary Science Teachers, and to evaluate the effectiveness of that workshop. Using a case design, a questionnaire was sent to the twenty workshop teachers one year after the workshop to evaluate quantity and quality of implementation and to assess barriers to implementation. Teachers reported that they increased the quantity and quality of EE taught in their classes, and this increase was correlated with workshop influence ratings. The greatest barrier to implementation was "amount of planning time available." The second greatest barrier was "funding. The third greatest barrier was "time to cover traditional content and environmental issues." High barrier rating were not correlated with low EE quantity and quality ratings. To increase quantity of EE, workshop facilitators must focus on eliminating or reducing barriers. To increase quality of EE, workshop facilitators must provide conceptual understanding and resources and activities, that address all the goals of EE.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Environmental education -- South Dakota -- Congresses -- Evaluation Environmental protection -- Study and teaching (Secondary) -- South Dakota



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University