Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health and Consumer Sciences

First Advisor

Graham E. Bastian


Objective: Quantify South Dakota (SD)’s capacity to procure locally-sourced fruit and vegetables (FVs) for K-12 school meals.
Methods: Secondary analysis of 2017 SD agricultural census and school meal data. Yields were converted to edible cups of FVs using school meal guidelines provided by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Student enrollment and meal redemptions were used to estimate the number of FV cups needed.
Results: Estimated SD FV production met minimum total K-12 cup requirements, except for total fruit (66%) and dark green vegetables (80%). Legumes supplied 77% of the total cups of vegetables produced in 2017, whereas dark green vegetables were only 2%.
Conclusions & Implications: The FV procurement in SD is adequate to meet some, but not all, school meal requirements. Further research involving both nutrition and horticulture professionals is needed to determine the feasibility of sustainably providing and producing FVs for Farm to School and other local food needs.


South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright